artilage (Part 2)

In theory osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the simplest diseases. For years we thought that cartilage in our joints just wore away over time. We now know that OA is a complex disease where the processes that reduce cartilage are affected by genetics, past joint trauma and nutrition especially levels of important antioxidants.

Cartilage is very different from other tissue types. It has no nerve or blood supply and it appears as lifeless tissue. Cartilage is actually dynamic tissue. It is a matrix of proteins (collagen and elastin), chondroitin sulphate, water and living cells called chondrocytes.

Research shows that the health of chondrocytes is central to the development of OA. Each chondrocyte looks after a small patch of cartilage repairing damage by secreting new cartilage matrix where needed.  The problem is when chondrocytes are damaged or die. This means that cell can no longer maintain cartilage. Eventually the cartilage thins leading to a (painful) bone on bone scenario.

One of the most annoying and painful arthritic joints are small hand joints. While Nutritional Therapy can really help, these are among the slowest joints to respond. It seems counter-intuitive, but big weight-bearing joints especially knees tend to respond faster.

I have been helping someone with OA in their base thumb joint at the wrist. Within 3 months the pain had reduced, and now after a year, the discomfort is really minor only when under heavy use

I use a two-pronged approach to supporting cartilage. Firstly, we add compounds, especially chondroitin, that can support and repair cartilage. Secondly, we add curcumin from turmeric and Omega 3 fish oil to reduce inflammation. Often the inflammation causes more pain and mobility loss than the actual cartilage damage.

Please email me if you would like a copy of my Anti-Inflammatory Nutrition Guide.

John Arts (B.Soc.Sci, Dip Tch, Adv.Dip.Nut.Med.) is a nutritional medicine practitioner and founder of Abundant Health. If you have questions or need help you can contact John 0800 423559.  You can email John at

Please note that the health advice given through this column is for general educational purposes only and is not intended to diagnose or treat any health problem. © John Arts 2024

How can Bettaflex help?

Sore joints from osteoarthritis can result in pain and a loss of movement. BETTAFLEX has can help provide the glucosamine, chondroitin and turmeric extract needed to support joint health and joint flexibility.

BETTAFLEX is a special joint health formulation using well researched ingredients to support the Body’s natural joint repair processes. The power of BETTAFLEX comes from the synergy of well researched Chondroitin Sulfate, Glucosamine Sulfate, and BioSolve Curcumin- the latest 100% water soluble extract that does not need black pepper extract- a known digestive irritant.

Recent research suggests that Chondroitin sulfate is needed at levels of 800mg can help support many aspects of cartilage function. In particular, Chondroitin sulfate helps specialised cartilage cells called chondrocytes to function normally. Diminished chondrocyte function is now believed to be a major factor in osteoarthritis.

Glucosamine is a pre-cursor for new cartilage formation while chondroitin is a natural component of cartilage. Turmeric extract can help support anti-inflammatory processes as inflammation of joint tissue is part of osteoarthritis.

Benefits of BETTAFLEX:

  • Assists the rebuilding of cartilage to aid joint function and general mobility
  • Helps to maintain healthy cartilage and joints
  • Can assist by promoting joint repair processes
  • Bettaflex is safe to use with conventional treatments to aid joint lubrication and mobility
  • Bettaflex can help support anti-inflammatory processes in affected joint tissue.

Caution: Should not be used by those taking some anti-coagulant (blood thinner) medication, especially warfarin, without advice from your health professional

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